The App “Rhythm” automatically recorded smartphone behaviors, mainly the notifications, screen-on and screen-off timing. This App collects data in the background without interrupting smartphone operation or impacting battery life (less than 1%). The App saves all recorded behavior data in a log file and routinely uploaded to the database.
Our previous study has preliminarily validated the consistency between App-recorded and self-reported sleep time. The overlap of total sleep time between App-record and self-reported was 90.4%.
1. Interpretation of Daily Human Behavior via Smartphone Digital Footprints: Examples from Smartphone Use, Sleeping Patterns, and Working Hours
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Lin YH, Wong BY, Pan YC, Chiu YC, Lee YH. JMIR Mhealth Uhealth. 2019 May 16;7(5):e13421. Do you have social jet lag?
3. Development of a mobile application (App) to delineate “digital chronotype” and the effects of delayed chronotype by bedtime smartphone use.
Lin YH, Wong BY, Lin SH, Chiu YC, Pan YC, Lee YH. Journal of Psychiatric Research. 2019 Mar;110:9-15. Does using a smartphone before bed affect sleep patterns?