Internet Addiction

We have worked diligently to develop tools that quantify smartphone and internet gaming addiction. One of the tools we have developed is the Smartphone Addiction Scale (SPAI), which has been peer-reviewed, published, and has received requests for translations from scholars around the world. We also developed a tool that makes precise measurements of smartphone use called “Know Addiction”. This app uses screen on and off times to calculate smartphone use durations and frequencies, and it uses algorithms to calculate indicators of excessive smartphone use.

With the rise of different types of digital devices, the concept of “internet addiction” encompasses any behavior on the internet on any type of device. These behaviors divided into four main categories: addiction to the internet addiction, addiction to online gaming (playing online games on a computer), addiction to smartphones (using the internet on a phone, etc.), and addiction to mobile games (playing games on a phone). To learn more about out internet addiction questionnaires, feel free to watch the 3-minute short version or full 17-minute description video on the right to choose the appropriate questionnaire and download it from the iWIN official website.
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1. Association Between Adolescents’ Problematic Online Behaviors and Self-Harm Risk

Lan YT, Pan YC, Lin YH.

Journal of Affective Disorder. 2022;317:46-51.

2. Screen Timing May Be More Likely Than Screen Time to Be Associated With the Risk of Autism Spectrum Disorder

Lin YH, Lin SH, Gau SF.

JAMA Pediatric.2022;176(8):824-825.

3. Two-dimensional taxonomy of internet addiction and assessment of smartphone addiction with diagnostic criteria and mobile apps.

Wu YL, Lin SH, Lin YH.

J Behav Addict. 2021 Jan 6.

4. Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Epidemiology of Internet Addiction.

Pan YC, Chiu YC, Lin YH.

Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2020 Nov; 118: 612-622.

5. Development of the Problematic Mobile Gaming Questionnaire and Prevalence of Mobile Gaming Addiction Among Adolescents in Taiwan.

Pan YC, Chiu YC, Lin YH.
Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw. 2019 Oct;22(10):662-669.

Are you addicted to mobile gaming?

6. Temporal Stability of Smartphone Use Data: Determining Fundamental Time Unit and Independent Cycle

Pan YC, Lin HH, Chiu YC, Lin SH, Lin YH.
JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2019;7(3):e12171

7. Chinese adaptation of the Ten-Item Internet Gaming Disorder Test and prevalence estimate of Internet gaming disorder among adolescents in Taiwan.

Chiu YC, Pan YC, Lin YH.
Journal of behavioral addictions. 2018 Sep 1;7(3):719-726.
Chinese Adaptation of the Ten-Item Internet Gaming Disorder Test (IGDT-10) and Prevalence Estimate of Internet Gaming Disorder among Adolescents in Taiwan

8. Incorporation of Mobile Application (App) Measures Into the Diagnosis of Smartphone Addiction.

Lin YH, Lin PH, Chiang CL, Lee YH, Yang CCH, Kuo TBJ, Lin SH.

The Journal of clinical psychiatry. 2017 Jul;78(7):866-872.

9. Development of short‐form and screening cutoff point of the Smartphone Addiction Inventory (SPAI‐SF).

Lin YH, Pan YC, Lin SH, Chen SH.

International journal of methods in psychiatric research. 2017;26(2):e1525.

10. To use or not to use? Compulsive behavior and its role in smartphone addiction.

Lin YH, Lin YC, Lin SH, Lee YH, Lin PH, Chiang CL, Chang LR, Yang CC, Kuo TB.

Translational psychiatry. 2017 Feb 14;7(2):e1030.

11. Psychopathology of everyday life in the 21st Century: smartphone addiction.

Lin YH, Lin SH, Yang CCH, Kuo TBJ.

In: Montag C., Reuter M. (eds) Internet Addiction. Studies in Neuroscience, Psychology and Behavioral Economics. Springer, Cham. 2017;339-58.

12. Proposed diagnostic criteria for smartphone addiction.

Lin YH, Chiang CL, Lin PH, Chang LR, Ko CH, Lee YH, Lin SH.

PloS one. 2016 Nov 15;11(11):e0163010.

13. Smartphone gaming and frequent use pattern associated with smartphone addiction.

Liu CH, Lin SH, Pan YC, Lin YH.

Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Jul;95(28):e4068.

14. Time distortion associated with smartphone addiction: Identifying smartphone addiction via a mobile application (App).

Lin YH, Lin YC, Lee YH, Lin PH, Lin SH, Chang LR, Tseng HW, Yen LY, Yang CC, Kuo TB.

Journal of psychiatric research. 2015 Jun;65:139-45.

15. Development and validation of the Smartphone Addiction Inventory (SPAI).

Lin YH, Chang LR, Lee YH, Tseng HW, Kuo TB, Chen SH.

PloS one. 2014 Jun 4;9(6):e98312.

16. Association between morningness–eveningness and the severity of compulsive Internet use: the moderating role of gender and parenting style.

Lin YH, Gau SS.

Sleep medicine. 2013 Dec;14(12):1398-404.